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The Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan Army


The Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan Army, (reporting name: COAS), is the four-star rank appointment in the Pakistan Army, held by the senior four-star rank officer appointed by the President of Pakistan, on a summary sent by the Prime Minister of Pakistan.[1] The Chief of Army Staff post has historically been vested with proportionately more powers[2] because of the recurrent military takeovers in the country. It is the highest and most prestigious four-star assignment, unless the four-star officer is appointed as the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee of the Pakistan Armed Forces. The appointment is in principle for three years subject to extensions granted by The President of Pakistan on recommendation from The Prime Minister of Pakistan.[3] The appointment is vested with complete operational, training and logistics commands unlike the pattern followed in Western Commands where the Chief of Army Staff is the training and logistics chief while operational command rests with the Ministry of Defense. The current Chief of Army Staff is General Raheel Sharif.[4] The COAS operates from Army Combatant General Headquarters (GHQ)[5] in Rawalpindi, the twin city of the capital Islamabad. Under the Constitution of 1973 presently in vogue, the Chief of Army Staff is subordinate to the Defense Minister of Pakistan, Secretary General/Secretary Defense and reports directly to the civilian leadership.
Name Photo Term Unit of Commission Decorations

Commander in Chief of Pakistan Army (C in C)[6]
1. General Sir Frank Messervy 15 August 1947 – 10 February 1948 9th Hodson's Horse KCSI, KBE, CB, DSO
2. General Sir Douglas Gracey 11 February 1948 – 16 January 1951 1st Gurkha Rifles KCB, KCIE, CBE, MC
3. Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan 16 January 1951 – 26 October 1958 1/14 Punjab Regiment NPk, HPk, HJ, GCMG, MBE
4. General Muhammad Musa 27 October 1958 – 17 June 1966 6/13 Frontier Force Rifles HPk, HJ, HQA, MBE
5. General Muhammad Yahya Khan 18 June 1966 – 20 December 1971 4/10 Baluch Regiment HPk, HJ, SPk
6. Lieutenant General Gul Hassan Khan 20 December 1971 – 3 March 1972 Armoured Corps SPk, SQA

Chief of Army Staff of Pakistan Army (COAS)
7. General Tikka Khan 3 March 1972 – 1 March 1976 Artillery HJ, HQA, SPk
8. General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq 1 March 1976 – 17 August 1988 Armoured Corps
9. General Mirza Aslam Beg 17 August 1988 – 16 August 1991 Baloch Regiment NI(M), SBt
10. General Asif Nawaz 16 August 1991 – 8 January 1993 Punjab Regiment NI(M), SBt (Bar)
11. General Abdul Waheed
11 January 1993 – 12 January 1996 Frontier Force Regiment NI(M), SBt
12. General Jehangir Karamat 12 January 1996 – 6 October 1998 Armoured Corps NI(M), TBt
13. General Pervez Musharraf 6 October 1998 – 28 November 2007 Artillery NI(M), TBt
14. General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani 29 November 2007 – 29 November 2013 Baloch Regiment NI(M), HI
15. General Raheel Sharif 29 November 2013 – Present Frontier Force Regiment NI(M), HI

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